Symptoms and subjective health

Short- and long-term sickness absence, functioining and disability are explored in association with ERI. Examples of respective research are:

Derycke, H., Vlerick, P., Van de Ven, B., Rots, I. and Clays, E. (2012). The Impact of Effort-Reward Imbalance and Learning Motivation on Teachers' Sickness Absence. Stress and Health, n/a-n/a, doi: 10.1002/smi.2416,  URL

Fahlén, G., Goine, H., Edlund, C., Arrelöv, B., Knutsson, A. and Peter, R. (2008). Effort-reward imbalance, ``locked in'' at work, and long-term sick leave. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 82, 191-197, doi: 10.1007/s00420-008-03215.

Fekete C, Wahrendorf M, Reinhardt JD, Post MWM, Siegrist J (2014) Work stress and quality of life in persons with disabilities from four European countries. Quality of Life Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11136-013-06107.

Godin, I. and Kittel, F. (2004). Differential economic stability and psychosocial stress at work: associations with psychosomatic complaints and absenteeism. Social Science & Medicine, 58 (8), 1543-1553.
Head, J., Kivimäki, M., Siegrist, J., Fernie, J. et al. (2007). Effort-reward imbalance and relational injustice at work predicts sickness absende: the Whitehall II Study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63, 433-440.

Juvani A, Oksanen T, Salo P et al. (2014) Effort-reward imbalance as a risk factor for disability pension: the Finnish Public Sector Study. Scand J Work Environ Health 40: 266-277.

Peter, R. and Siegrist, J. (1997). Chronic work stress, sickness absence and hypertension in middle managers: general or specific sociological explanation? Social Science & Medicine, 45, 1111-1120.

Reinhardt JD, Wahrendorf M, Siegrist J (2013): Socio-economic position, psychosocial work environment and disability in an aging workforce: A longitudinal analysis of SHARE data from 11 European countries. Occup Environ Med 70: 156-163.

Roelen, C., Koopmans, P. and Groothoff, J. (2009). Occupational rewards relate to sickness absence frequency but not duration. Work, 34 (1), 13-19, doi: 10.3233/WOR-2009-0898.

Schreuder, J., Roelen, C., Koopmans, P., Moen, B. and Groothoff, J. (2010). Effort-reward imbalance is associated with the frequency of sickness absence among female hospital nurses: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47 (5), 569-576, doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.10.002.

Sembajwe G, Wahrendorf M, Siegrist J, Sitta R, Zins M, Goldberg M, Berkman LF (2012) Effects of job strain on fatigue: cross-sectional and prospective views of the job content questionnaire and effort-reward imbalance in the GAZEL cohort. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 69: 377-384.

Vahtera, J., Laine, S., Virtanen, M., Oksanen, T., Koskinen, A., Pentti, J. and Kivimaki, M. (2010). Employee control over working times and risk of cause-specific disability pension: the Finnish Public Sector Study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 67 (7), 479-485, doi: 10.1136/oem.2008.045096,  URL

Wahrendorf M, Sembajwe G, Berkman L, Zins M, Goldberg M, Siegrist J (2012) Long-term effects of psychosocial work stress in mid-life on health functioning after labor market exit – results from the GAZEL study. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 67: 471-480.

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